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Date:         Thu, 5 Oct 2006 22:27:58 -0700
Reply-To:     David L Cassell <davidlcassell@MSN.COM>
Sender:       "SAS(r) Discussion" <SAS-L@LISTSERV.UGA.EDU>
From:         David L Cassell <davidlcassell@MSN.COM>
Subject:      Re: How to compare different fields of multiple records?
In-Reply-To:  <1160106530.299326.148790@i3g2000cwc.googlegroups.com>
Content-Type: text/plain; format=flowed

liuberyl@GMAIL.COM wrote: > >Hi all, > >I have a data set which contains 3 fields, ID, Start Date, and End >Date. >Some ID number has multiple entries, and I need to calculate all date >gaps for that ID. > >e.g.: > >Obs. ID Start_Date End_Date > 1 123 20060401 20060406 > 2 123 20060408 20060419 > 3 123 20060420 20060430 > 4 123 20060515 20060528 >............................. > >I need to calculate all gaps for this ID 123, not only the gaps between >two consecutive obs.. >i.e., obs 1 and 2, 2 and 3, 3 and 4, also gaps between 1 and 3, 1 and >4, 2 and 4. >How can I do this in SAS, a DO loop? Any help would be highly >appreciated! > >Thanks, >Pooh

Just as an aside, this would always be easier if you not only provide data like the above, but also provide SAS code to read it into a working data set.

Also, you did not say so, so I had to guess that what you mean by 'gap' is start_date - end_date - 1 so the comparison of obs 2 and 3 would be a gap of 0: they have no missing days in between.

Rather than a data step with a do-loop and a POINT= option, I thought PROC SQL seemed like a more natural fit for your problem. Here's some code. I added a couple more lines just to do a little more checking, but I still assumed the data are already sorted and that OBS is in sorted order already within each value of ID.

data temp1; input Obs ID @27 Start_Date yymmdd10. @52 End_Date yymmdd10. ; format start_date end_date date9. ; cards; 1 123 2006-04-01 2006-04-06 2 123 2006-04-08 2006-04-19 3 123 2006-04-20 2006-04-30 4 123 2006-05-15 2006-05-28 1 456 2006-04-09 2006-04-11 2 456 2006-04-18 2006-04-22 ; run;

proc sql; create table temp2 as select a.*, b.obs as obs2, b.start_date as start2, b.end_date as end2, a.start_date-b.end_date-1 as gap from temp1 as a, temp1 as b where a.id=b.id and a.obs>b.obs; quit;

HTH, David -- David L. Cassell mathematical statistician Design Pathways 3115 NW Norwood Pl. Corvallis OR 97330

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