Date: Sun, 22 Oct 2006 01:26:40 +0000
Reply-To: toby dunn <tobydunn@HOTMAIL.COM>
Sender: "SAS(r) Discussion" <SAS-L@LISTSERV.UGA.EDU>
From: toby dunn <tobydunn@HOTMAIL.COM>
Subject: Re: macro variables, same data step, multiple outputs
Content-Type: text/plain; format=flowed
It can be done however not how you think. Due to the fact that the data
sets you want created and the output statements will have to be specified
before the data step spits it out to these data sets you are looking at
least two passes of the data.
Personally I wouldnt break the data up unless I was requested too as it only
makes working with teh data harder and you will always end up with a greater
volume of code as well as moe complex code.
Here some code that does what you want I will leave it to you to optimze:
Data Have ;
Do I = 1 to 20 ;
%Macro DataNeed( DSN = , Name = ) ;
Data Need&Name ;
Set &DSN ;
Where I = &Name ;
%Mend DataNeed ;
Data Prep ;
Set Have ;
If ( 1 <= I <= 5 ) Then Index = 1 ;
Else If ( 6 <= I <= 10 ) Then Index = 2 ;
Else If ( 11 <= I <= 15 ) Then Index = 3 ;
Else If ( 16 <= I <= 20 ) Then Index = 4 ;
Data _Null_ ;
Set Prep ;
By Index ;
If First.Index Then
Call Execute( '%NrStr( %DataNeed( DSN = Have ,
Name = ' || Put( Index , 8. -L ) || ') )'
The obscure we see eventually. The completely obvious, it seems, takes
longer. ~Edward R. Murrow
Think like a man of action, act like a man of thought. ~Henri Louis Bergson
Alice came to a fork in the road. "Which road do I take?" she asked.
"Where do you want to go?" responded the Cheshire cat.
"I don't know," Alice answered.
"Then," said the cat, "it doesn't matter."
~Lewis Carroll, Alice in Wonderland
Subject: macro variables, same data step, multiple outputs
Date: Sat, 21 Oct 2006 15:19:57 -0700
I'm trying to create multiple output data sets (called m1, m2, m3,
etc.) but have SAS compute for each row of input data which output
data set to place the record in.
For example, during the data step, SAS will compute a variable called
index. If index=3, then the record will be placed in output set named
"m3" and so on.
I'm having trouble because I need to dynamically generate output
statements of the form "output m1" or "output m2", etc. based on the
I tried two methods, neither works.
1) If I use call symput to set the index as a macro variable, it fails
because I can't use that macro variable within the same data step. I
can't put the output statement in a different data step because that
would not work for this purpose.
2) I tried to create an array with character values m1, m2, m3, and
then invoke the output statement. However, it seems like array
references do not work with output statements.
array m[&max_index] (m1 m2 m3 ...)
x = some calculation leading to the index value
output m[x] does not work although put m[x] prints out as m1 if x = 1
Any help would be appreciated.
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