Date: Mon, 12 Oct 2009 07:23:54 -0400
Reply-To: Muthia Kachirayan <muthia.kachirayan@GMAIL.COM>
Sender: "SAS(r) Discussion" <SAS-L@LISTSERV.UGA.EDU>
From: Muthia Kachirayan <muthia.kachirayan@GMAIL.COM>
Subject: Re: Relative risk and odds ratio, OR significant and above 1,
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On Mon, Oct 12, 2009 at 6:41 AM, Peter Flom <
> Thomas Fröjd <thomas.frojd@NEURO.UU.SE> wrote
> >I am performing a logistic regression for Odds Ratio as result and a
> >Poisson regression with log link for RR, both with proc genmod. The
> >design is a cohort study with two timepoints sampled so far.
> >A thing that confounds me is that one of the covariates has a pretty
> >strong and significant effect when regressing for Odds Ratio but then
> >points to a negative but unsignificant when regressing for Relative Risk.
> >Anyone can explain why to me?
> The positive vs. negative change might be due to how SAS codes things, you
> might need the DESCEDING option in LOGISITC (look at the output to see how
> SAS is coding things).
> But what's your DV? Is it a count (therefore POISSON might be appropriate)
> or dichotomous (LOGISTIC) or ordinal (also LOGISTIC) or what?
> And, more generally, since RR and OR ask somewhat different questions, they
> can give different answers.
> Without more context (and maybe code) it's hard to say what's going on.
> Peter L. Flom, PhD
> Statistical Consultant
> Website: www DOT peterflomconsulting DOT com
> Writing; http://www.associatedcontent.com/user/582880/peter_flom.html
> Twitter: @peterflom
In Logistic regression the DV is ln(p/q) ie the log odds. The use of words -
regressing Odds Ratio in " .......significant effect when regressing for
Odds Ratio ....", seem to go against log odds as Odds Ratio is defined as
(p1/q1) / (p2/q2).
Further, RR uses a ratio like p1/p2, where p1 is rate in Exposed Group and
p2 in Unexposed Group. How p1/p2 is transformed to a DV to use LR? I have
not used RR in this context or I may be wrong. The OP may tell how was this