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Date:         Mon, 30 Jan 2012 02:45:04 -0500
Reply-To:     Søren Lassen <s.lassen@POST.TELE.DK>
Sender:       "SAS(r) Discussion" <SAS-L@LISTSERV.UGA.EDU>
From:         Søren Lassen <s.lassen@POST.TELE.DK>
Subject:      Re: non-SAS-killing ABORT for interactive mode, is there one?
Comments: To: Eugene Bolotin <YBolotin@SCHOOLS.NYC.GOV>
Content-Type: text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1

Yevgeniy, I made a small mistake in my orginal post. The macro variable that I had meant to use was SYSCC, not SYSRC. SYSCC works the way I described, while SYSRC reports errors with the X statement.

Sorry about that.

Regards, Søren

On Thu, 26 Jan 2012 10:19:57 -0500, Bolotin Yevgeniy <YBolotin@SCHOOLS.NYC.GOV> wrote:

>This is pretty cool, will have to play with it > >Thanks! > > > >-----Original Message----- >From: Søren Lassen [mailto:s.lassen@POST.TELE.DK] >Sent: Thursday, January 26, 2012 5:53 AM >To: SAS-L@LISTSERV.UGA.EDU; Bolotin Yevgeniy >Subject: Re: non-SAS-killing ABORT for interactive mode, is there one? > >Yevgeniy, >Here is a solution that uses old-style macros (mixed with "new"-style): >%macro errchk; > %if &sysrc %then %do; > macro run run cancel% > macro sql sql noexec% > macro kill% > %end; > %else %do; > macro run run% > macro sql sql% > macro kill kill% > %end; >%mend; > >%let sysrc=0; /* no errors yet */ >%errchk; > >data _z; a = 1; output; a = 2; output; run; > >%let sysrc=1; /* Simulate an error */ >%errchk; > >Proc sql; > create table _z as select * from _z, _z; >quit; > >proc datasets lib=work kill nolist mt=data; >run; > > >What it does: it checks the automatic variable SYSRC. SYSRC is set to the >maximum of the automatic variable RC (I think it is that one) and SYSRC >after each step. However, you can reset it to 0 in your program. > >If SYSRC is not 0, it makes SAS do an old-style macro substitution of >the word RUN with RUN CANCEL, of SQL with SQL NOEXEC and of KILL with >nothing. If SYSRC is 0, it resets the tokens to their normal values. > >This means that after the (simulated) error, the SQL procedure statements >are not executed, only syntax checked. And likewise are datasteps >and most other procedures that excute after RUN; an exception is PROC >DATASETS, which deletes tables (and/or views,catalogs) regardless, >when the KILL options is used - therefore the KILL token is nulled when >there is an error. > >Just remember to use RUN in PROC DATASETS and not QUIT. And generally, >use RUN after all your datasteps/procedures except SQL. > >If you need to stop execution based on data values, you can do something >like: >data _null_; > set _z; > if a>1 then do; > call symput('sysrc','1'); > stop; > end; >run; > >%errorchk; > >Regards, >Søren > >On Wed, 25 Jan 2012 15:58:09 -0500, Bolotin Yevgeniy ><YBolotin@SCHOOLS.NYC.GOV> wrote: > >>Joe and _null_: >> >>Abort abend/return does exactly what I want, but with one exception: it >>ALSO kills SAS (as in, the application closes). I want to retain my SAS >>session (and formats, macro variables/sasmacr, WORK library, etc) >> >>option OBS = 0 kinda works, but not the way I need (it goes through the >>rest of the code anyway, nuking *everything* in its path) >> >> >> >>so here's a goal: given the following (ultra-simplified) code >> >> data _z; a = 1; output; a = 2; output; run; >> * CODE TO STOP EXECUTION HERE; >> Proc sql; create table _z as select * from _z, _z; quit; >> >>I want to run the whole thing, and end up with the dataset _z with two >>observations (and not zero) >> >>This is obviously a silly example, but I may end up using this break >>logic in the middle of a large set of macro calls, where datasets are >>updated left and right (some of these files are 15gb - so during >>different stages of processing I may merge it to other files maybe a >>dozen times each - making a differently-named version each time is not >>feasible) >> >> >> >> >> >> >> >>-----Original Message----- >>From: SAS(r) Discussion [mailto:SAS-L@LISTSERV.UGA.EDU] On Behalf Of >>Data _null_; >>Sent: Wednesday, January 25, 2012 2:40 PM >>To: SAS-L@LISTSERV.UGA.EDU >>Subject: Re: non-SAS-killing ABORT for interactive mode, is there one? >> >>Seems like in DMS that ERRORABEND may work toward this objective too. >> >>On 1/25/12, Joe Matise <> wrote: >>> You need to set obs=0 also. This is what batch mode does when it >>encounters >>> an error - sets SYNTAXCHECK and obs=0. >>> >>> -Joe >>> >>> On Wed, Jan 25, 2012 at 1:04 PM, Bolotin Yevgeniy >>> <>wrote: >>> >>>> Syntaxcheck doesn't seem to be doing what I want it to be doing >>>> (DMSSYNCHK is the interactive version) - it only affects the dataset >>>> with the error in it >>>> >>>> Both valid datasteps and proc sql execute just fine in the below >>sample >>>> >>>> >>>> >>>> option DMSSYNCHK SYNTAXCHECK; >>>> >>>> data _null_; >>>> set non_existent_dataset; >>>> run; >>>> >>>> data _null_; >>>> kjhlksafhkdfhlah; /* syntax error */ >>>> run; >>>> >>>> data _z; >>>> a = 1; >>>> run; >>>> >>>> data _z2; >>>> set _z; >>>> run; >>>> >>>> proc sql; >>>> create table _z3 as >>>> select * from _z; >>>> quit; >>>> >>>> >>>> >>>> >>>> -----Original Message----- >>>> From: SAS(r) Discussion [mailto:SAS-L@LISTSERV.UGA.EDU] On Behalf Of >>>> Data _null_; >>>> Sent: Wednesday, January 25, 2012 1:16 PM >>>> To: SAS-L@LISTSERV.UGA.EDU >>>> Subject: Re: non-SAS-killing ABORT for interactive mode, is there >>one? >>>> >>>> You could put SAS into syntax check, obs=0 mode based on some >>>> condition. You will need to check the exact options that need to be >>>> set. >>>> >>>> On 1/25/12, Bolotin Yevgeniy <> wrote: >>>> > This has probably been asked before but I can't seem to find what I >>>> > want... >>>> > >>>> > Is there a simple command I can write in code to force SAS to abort >>>> the >>>> > currently submitted code (i.e. equivalent to Cancel Submitted >>>> Statements >>>> > from the Break menu), that DOESN'T actually shut down SAS in the >>>> process >>>> > like ABORT does? >>>> > Even if the abort cannot be made conditional, this can work wonders >>>> for >>>> > debugging (i.e. insert as a breakpoint) >>>> > >>>> > >>>> > I've seem some interesting approaches to doing this with macros >>>> > injecting comment delimiters (i.e. /* ) but this is both way too >>>> > complicated for what I'm doing and requires way too much work to >>>> > implement on existing projects >>>> > >>>> > >>>> > >>>> > Using SAS 9.2 on WinXP (32 bit) >>>> > >>>> >>>

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