Date: Thu, 22 Feb 1996 21:12:36 GMT
ReplyTo: David Nichols <nichols@SPSS.COM>
Sender: "SPSSX(r) Discussion" <SPSSXL@UGA.CC.UGA.EDU>
From: David Nichols <nichols@SPSS.COM>
Organization: SPSS, Inc.
Subject: Re: Simultaneous confidence intervals in MANOVA
In article <4giche$38h@info.uci.kun.nl>,
Rinus Voeten <m.voeten@ped.kun.nl> wrote:
>The MANOVA procedure in SPSS (version 6.1 for Windows) can provide
>simultaneous confidence intervals for parameter estimates using the
>Bonferroniprocedure or the Scheffiprocedure. In some cases, however,
>at first sight SPSS seems to give the wrong output.
>An example is given below, using the Bonferroniprocedure. For the
>first design the intervals were correctly adjusted. But for the second
>design individual 95%confidence intervals were outputted, though the
>output claims these are joint univariate Bonferroni intervals.
>One might get trapped here, because the output does not make clear to
>what set of contrasts the simultaneous confidence intervals apply.
>Using partitioned contrasts on the design statement, apparently,
>changes the definition of the "family" for which the familywise
>errorrate is controlled. It took me some time to realize that.
>So, if I understand it well, the simultaneous confidence intervals are
>determined for the sets of contrasts specified in the design
>statement. These might be main effects or interactions,
>but also subsets of contrasts belonging to a particular factor. In the
>second design there is just one contrast for each partition, and thus
>there can be no Bonferroni correction. Am I correct?
>
>> MANOVA
>> score BY conditie(1 4)
>> /CONTRAST (conditie) = SPECIAL (1 1 1 1
>> 3 1 1 1
>> 0 2 1 1
>> 0 0 1 1 )
>> /PRINT PARAM(ESTIM)
>> /METHOD=UNIQUE
>> /ERROR WITHIN+RESIDUAL
>> /CINTERVAL= JOINT(.95) UNIVARIATE(BONFER)
>> /DESIGN
>> /DESIGN conditie(1) conditie(2) conditie(3) .
>
>* * * * * * A n a l y s i s o f V a r i a n c e  design 1 * *
>
> Estimates for SCORE
>  Joint univariate .9500 BONFERRONI confidence intervals
>
> CONDITIE
>
> Parameter Coeff. Std. Err. tValue Sig. t Lower 95%
>CL Upper
>
> 2 10.8333333 1.74786 6.19806 .00000 6.54296
>15.12371
> 3 2.66666667 1.23592 2.15763 .03449 .36709
>5.70042
> 4 .666666667 .71356 .93428 .35346 1.08487
>2.41820
>
>                                   
>
>
>* * * * * * A n a l y s i s o f V a r i a n c e  design 2
>
> Estimates for SCORE
>  Joint univariate .9500 BONFERRONI confidence intervals
>
> CONDITIE(1)
> Parameter Coeff. Std. Err. tValue Sig. t Lower 95%
>CL Upper
> 2 10.8333333 1.74786 6.19806 .00000 7.34554
>14.32113
>
> CONDITIE(2)
> Parameter Coeff. Std. Err. tValue Sig. t Lower 95%
>CL Upper
> 3 2.66666667 1.23592 2.15763 .03449 .20042
>5.13291
>
> CONDITIE(3)
> Parameter Coeff. Std. Err. tValue Sig. t Lower 95%
>CL Upper
> 4 .666666667 .71356 .93428 .35346 .75722
>2.09055
Yes, you are right: MANOVA is using the set of contrasts listed
together as the family in "joint" contrasts. You would need to
run the first approach to obtain the correct Bonferroni intervals,
OR simply adjust the alpha level for the second approach set to
make it correct for the number you want (and of course with only
one in a set this can be done with individual univariate intervals
as well as joint ones, since they're the same with one in a set).
This is very handy when you want to do pairwise comparisons using
a Bonferroni approach. MANOVA thinks you're doing K1 if there are
K levels to the factor, but you're really doing K(K1)/2 pairwise
comparisons, so you would recompute alpha as 2/K times the nominal
value and tell MANOVA to give you 1(2/K)*alpha intervals and you'd
get the right values.


David Nichols Senior Support Statistician SPSS, Inc.
Phone: (312) 3293684 Internet: nichols@spss.com Fax: (312) 3293668

